The HR Certification Institute follows certification-industry best practices to create and update our exams. Following are the steps we take to develop the exams.
Step 1: The exams are based on a body of knowledge, which is created and then validated by practicing HR professionals through a practice analysis study. The body of knowledge is also known as the exam content.
Step 2: An item-writing panel writes the exam questions (also known as “items”), based on the body of knowledge.
Step 3: The questions go to an item-review panel, which checks for accuracy and proper coding.
Step 4: Approved questions are tested for reliability.
Step 5: Exam forms are created by and reviewed by an forms-review panel
Each form consists of a pre-determined number of questions
- PHR and SPHR: 175 questions
- GPHR: 165 questions
- California: 125 questions
Each exam has different versions, which means that the person sitting next to you at the exam center is probably taking a different exam than you are.
Step 6: A passing score for each exam is determined.
Step 7: To determine the difficulty level of each question and ultimately each exam version, it is pre-equated.
Step 8: Exams are given during two periods per year (May-June and Dec-Jan).